Tcl8.6.1/Tk8.6.1 Documentation > Tcl Commands, version 8.6.1 > zlib

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NAME
zlib — compression and decompression operations
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COMPRESSION SUBCOMMANDS
zlib compress string ?level?
zlib decompress string ?bufferSize?
zlib deflate string ?level?
zlib gunzip string ?-headerVar varName?
comment
crc
filename
os
size
time
type
zlib gzip string ?-level level? ?-header dict?
comment
crc
filename
os
time
type
zlib inflate string ?bufferSize?
CHANNEL SUBCOMMAND
zlib push mode channel ?options ...?
compress
decompress
deflate
gunzip
gzip
inflate
-dictionary binData
-header dictionary
-level compressionLevel
-limit readaheadLimit
-checksum checksum
-dictionary binData
-flush type
-header dictionary
-limit readaheadLimit
STREAMING SUBCOMMAND
zlib stream mode ?options?
zlib stream compress ?-dictionary bindata? ?-level level?
zlib stream decompress ?-dictionary bindata?
zlib stream deflate ?-dictionary bindata? ?-level level?
zlib stream gunzip
zlib stream gzip ?-header header? ?-level level?
zlib stream inflate ?-dictionary bindata?
CHECKSUMMING SUBCOMMANDS
zlib adler32 string ?initValue?
zlib crc32 string ?initValue?
STREAMING INSTANCE COMMAND
stream add ?option...? data
stream checksum
stream close
stream eof
stream finalize
stream flush
stream fullflush
stream get ?count?
stream put ?option...? data
-dictionary binData
-finalize
-flush
-fullflush
stream reset
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
KEYWORDS

NAME

zlib — compression and decompression operations

SYNOPSIS

zlib subcommand arg ...

DESCRIPTION

The zlib command provides access to the compression and check-summing facilities of the Zlib library by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler. It has the following subcommands.

COMPRESSION SUBCOMMANDS

zlib compress string ?level?
Returns the zlib-format compressed binary data of the binary string in string. If present, level gives the compression level to use (from 0, which is uncompressed, to 9, maximally compressed).

zlib decompress string ?bufferSize?
Returns the uncompressed version of the raw compressed binary data in string. If present, bufferSize is a hint as to what size of buffer is to be used to receive the data.

zlib deflate string ?level?
Returns the raw compressed binary data of the binary string in string. If present, level gives the compression level to use (from 0, which is uncompressed, to 9, maximally compressed).

zlib gunzip string ?-headerVar varName?
Return the uncompressed contents of binary string string, which must have been in gzip format. If -headerVar is given, store a dictionary describing the contents of the gzip header in the variable called varName. The keys of the dictionary that may be present are:

comment
The comment field from the header, if present.

crc
A boolean value describing whether a CRC of the header is computed.

filename
The filename field from the header, if present.

os
The operating system type code field from the header (if not the QW unknown value). See RFC 1952 for the meaning of these codes.

size
The size of the uncompressed data.

time
The time field from the header if non-zero, expected to be time that the file named by the filename field was modified. Suitable for use with clock format.

type
The type of the uncompressed data (binary or text) if known.

zlib gzip string ?-level level? ?-header dict?
Return the compressed contents of binary string string in gzip format. If -level is given, level gives the compression level to use (from 0, which is uncompressed, to 9, maximally compressed). If -header is given, dict is a dictionary containing values used for the gzip header. The following keys may be defined:

comment
Add the given comment to the header of the gzip-format data.

crc
A boolean saying whether to compute a CRC of the header. Note that if the data is to be interchanged with the gzip program, a header CRC should not be computed.

filename
The name of the file that the data to be compressed came from.

os
The operating system type code, which should be one of the values described in RFC 1952.

time
The time that the file named in the filename key was last modified. This will be in the same as is returned by clock seconds or file mtime.

type
The type of the data being compressed, being binary or text.

zlib inflate string ?bufferSize?
Returns the uncompressed version of the raw compressed binary data in string. If present, bufferSize is a hint as to what size of buffer is to be used to receive the data.

CHANNEL SUBCOMMAND

zlib push mode channel ?options ...?
Pushes a compressing or decompressing transformation onto the channel channel. The transformation can be removed again with chan pop. The mode argument determines what type of transformation is pushed; the following are supported:

compress
The transformation will be a compressing transformation that produces zlib-format data on channel, which must be writable.

decompress
The transformation will be a decompressing transformation that reads zlib-format data from channel, which must be readable.

deflate
The transformation will be a compressing transformation that produces raw compressed data on channel, which must be writable.

gunzip
The transformation will be a decompressing transformation that reads gzip-format data from channel, which must be readable.

gzip
The transformation will be a compressing transformation that produces gzip-format data on channel, which must be writable.

inflate
The transformation will be a decompressing transformation that reads raw compressed data from channel, which must be readable.

The following options may be set when creating a transformation via the “options ...” to the zlib push command:

-dictionary binData
Sets the compression dictionary to use when working with compressing or decompressing the data to be binData. Not valid for transformations that work with gzip-format data.

-header dictionary
Passes a description of the gzip header to create, in the same format that zlib gzip understands.

-level compressionLevel
How hard to compress the data. Must be an integer from 0 (uncompressed) to 9 (maximally compressed).

-limit readaheadLimit
The maximum number of bytes ahead to read when decompressing. This defaults to 1, which ensures that data is always decompressed correctly, but may be increased to improve performance. This is more useful when the channel is non-blocking.

Both compressing and decompressing channel transformations add extra configuration options that may be accessed through chan configure. The options are:

-checksum checksum
This read-only option gets the current checksum for the uncompressed data that the compression engine has seen so far. It is valid for both compressing and decompressing transforms, but not for the raw inflate and deflate formats. The compression algorithm depends on what format is being produced or consumed.

-dictionary binData
This read-write options gets or sets the compression dictionary to use when working with compressing or decompressing the data to be binData. It is not valid for transformations that work with gzip-format data, and should not normally be set on compressing transformations other than at the point where the transformation is stacked.

-flush type
This write-only operation flushes the current state of the compressor to the underlying channel. It is only valid for compressing transformations. The type must be either sync or full for a normal flush or an expensive flush respectively. Flushing degrades the compression ratio, but makes it easier for a decompressor to recover more of the file in the case of data corruption.

-header dictionary
This read-only option, only valid for decompressing transforms that are processing gzip-format data, returns the dictionary describing the header read off the data stream.

-limit readaheadLimit
This read-write option is used by decompressing channels to control the maximum number of bytes ahead to read from the underlying data source. This defaults to 1, which ensures that data is always decompressed correctly, but may be increased to improve performance. This is more useful when the channel is non-blocking.

STREAMING SUBCOMMAND

zlib stream mode ?options?
Creates a streaming compression or decompression command based on the mode, and return the name of the command. For a description of how that command works, see STREAMING INSTANCE COMMAND below. The following modes and options are supported:

zlib stream compress ?-dictionary bindata? ?-level level?
The stream will be a compressing stream that produces zlib-format output, using compression level level (if specified) which will be an integer from 0 to 9, and the compression dictionary bindata (if specified).

zlib stream decompress ?-dictionary bindata?
The stream will be a decompressing stream that takes zlib-format input and produces uncompressed output. If bindata is supplied, it is a compression dictionary to use if required.

zlib stream deflate ?-dictionary bindata? ?-level level?
The stream will be a compressing stream that produces raw output, using compression level level (if specified) which will be an integer from 0 to 9, and the compression dictionary bindata (if specified). Note that the raw compressed data includes no metadata about what compression dictionary was used, if any; that is a feature of the zlib-format data.

zlib stream gunzip
The stream will be a decompressing stream that takes gzip-format input and produces uncompressed output.

zlib stream gzip ?-header header? ?-level level?
The stream will be a compressing stream that produces gzip-format output, using compression level level (if specified) which will be an integer from 0 to 9, and the header descriptor dictionary header (if specified; for keys see zlib gzip).

zlib stream inflate ?-dictionary bindata?
The stream will be a decompressing stream that takes raw compressed input and produces uncompressed output. If bindata is supplied, it is a compression dictionary to use. Note that there are no checks in place to determine whether the compression dictionary is correct.

CHECKSUMMING SUBCOMMANDS

zlib adler32 string ?initValue?
Compute a checksum of binary string string using the Adler-32 algorithm. If given, initValue is used to initialize the checksum engine.

zlib crc32 string ?initValue?
Compute a checksum of binary string string using the CRC-32 algorithm. If given, initValue is used to initialize the checksum engine.

STREAMING INSTANCE COMMAND

Streaming compression instance commands are produced by the zlib stream command. They are used by calling their put subcommand one or more times to load data in, and their get subcommand one or more times to extract the transformed data.

The full set of subcommands supported by a streaming instance command, stream, is as follows:

stream add ?option...? data
A short-cut for “stream put ?option...? data” followed by “stream get”.

stream checksum
Returns the checksum of the uncompressed data seen so far by this stream.

stream close
Deletes this stream and frees up all resources associated with it.

stream eof
Returns a boolean indicating whether the end of the stream (as determined by the compressed data itself) has been reached. Not all formats support detection of the end of the stream.

stream finalize
A short-cut for “stream put -finalize {}”.

stream flush
A short-cut for “stream put -flush {}”.

stream fullflush
A short-cut for “stream put -fullflush {}”.

stream get ?count?
Return up to count bytes from stream's internal buffers with the transformation applied. If count is omitted, the entire contents of the buffers are returned. stream header Return the gzip header description dictionary extracted from the stream. Only supported for streams created with their mode parameter set to gunzip.

stream put ?option...? data
Append the contents of the binary string data to stream's internal buffers while applying the transformation. The following options are supported (or an unambiguous prefix of them), which are used to modify the way in which the transformation is applied:

-dictionary binData
Sets the compression dictionary to use when working with compressing or decompressing the data to be binData.

-finalize
Mark the stream as finished, ensuring that all bytes have been wholly compressed or decompressed. For gzip streams, this also ensures that the footer is written to the stream. The stream will need to be reset before having more data written to it after this, though data can still be read out of the stream with the get subcommand.

This option is mutually exclusive with the -flush and -fullflush options.

-flush
Ensure that a decompressor consuming the bytes that the current (compressing) stream is producing will be able to produce all the bytes that have been compressed so far, at some performance penalty.

This option is mutually exclusive with the -finalize and -fullflush options.

-fullflush
Ensure that not only can a decompressor handle all the bytes produced so far (as with -flush above) but also that it can restart from this point if it detects that the stream is partially corrupt. This incurs a substantial performance penalty.

This option is mutually exclusive with the -finalize and -flush options.

stream reset
Puts any stream, including those that have been finalized or that have reached eof, back into a state where it can process more data. Throws away all internally buffered data.

EXAMPLES

To compress a Tcl string, it should be first converted to a particular charset encoding since the zlib command always operates on binary strings.

set binData [encoding convertto utf-8 $string]
set compData [zlib compress $binData]

When converting back, it is also important to reverse the charset encoding:

set binData [zlib decompress $compData]
set string [encoding convertfrom utf-8 $binData]

The compression operation from above can also be done with streams, which is especially helpful when you want to accumulate the data by stages:

set strm [zlib stream compress]
$strm put [encoding convertto utf-8 $string]
# ...
$strm finalize
set compData [$strm get]
$strm close

SEE ALSO

binary, chan, encoding, Tcl_ZlibDeflate, RFC1950 - RFC1952

KEYWORDS

compress, decompress, deflate, gzip, inflate, zlib
Copyright © 2008-2012 Donal K. Fellows