Given a textual description of a color, Tk_AllocColorFromObj locates a pixel value that may be used to render the color in a particular window. The desired color is specified with an object whose string value must have one of the following forms:
Tk_AllocColorFromObj returns a pointer to an XColor structure; the structure indicates the exact intensities of the allocated color (which may differ slightly from those requested, depending on the limitations of the screen) and a pixel value that may be used to draw with the color in tkwin. If an error occurs in Tk_AllocColorFromObj (such as an unknown color name) then NULL is returned and an error message is stored in interp's result if interp is not NULL. If the colormap for tkwin is full, Tk_AllocColorFromObj will use the closest existing color in the colormap. Tk_AllocColorFromObj caches information about the return value in objPtr, which speeds up future calls to procedures such as Tk_AllocColorFromObj and Tk_GetColorFromObj.
Tk_GetColor is identical to Tk_AllocColorFromObj except that the description of the color is specified with a string instead of an object. This prevents Tk_GetColor from caching the return value, so Tk_GetColor is less efficient than Tk_AllocColorFromObj.
Tk_GetColorFromObj returns the token for an existing color, given the window and description used to create the color. Tk_GetColorFromObj does not actually create the color; the color must already have been created with a previous call to Tk_AllocColorFromObj or Tk_GetColor. The return value is cached in objPtr, which speeds up future calls to Tk_GetColorFromObj with the same objPtr and tkwin.
Tk_GetColorByValue is similar to Tk_GetColor except that the desired color is indicated with the red, green, and blue fields of the structure pointed to by colorPtr.
This package maintains a database of all the colors currently in use. If the same color is requested multiple times from Tk_GetColor or Tk_AllocColorFromObj (e.g. by different windows), or if the same intensities are requested multiple times from Tk_GetColorByValue, then existing pixel values will be re-used. Re-using an existing pixel avoids any interaction with the window server, which makes the allocation much more efficient. These procedures also provide a portable interface that works across all platforms. For this reason, you should generally use Tk_AllocColorFromObj, Tk_GetColor, or Tk_GetColorByValue instead of lower level procedures like XAllocColor.
Since different calls to this package may return the same shared pixel value, callers should never change the color of a pixel returned by the procedures. If you need to change a color value dynamically, you should use XAllocColorCells to allocate the pixel value for the color.
The procedure Tk_NameOfColor is roughly the inverse of Tk_GetColor. If its colorPtr argument was created by Tk_AllocColorFromObj or Tk_GetColor then the return value is the string that was used to create the color. If colorPtr was created by a call to Tk_GetColorByValue, or by any other mechanism, then the return value is a string that could be passed to Tk_GetColor to return the same color. Note: the string returned by Tk_NameOfColor is only guaranteed to persist until the next call to Tk_NameOfColor.
Tk_GCForColor returns a graphics context whose foreground field is the pixel allocated for colorPtr and whose other fields all have default values. This provides an easy way to do basic drawing with a color. The graphics context is cached with the color and will exist only as long as colorPtr exists; it is freed when the last reference to colorPtr is freed by calling Tk_FreeColor.
When a color is no longer needed Tk_FreeColorFromObj or Tk_FreeColor should be called to release it. For Tk_FreeColorFromObj the color to release is specified with the same information used to create it; for Tk_FreeColor the color to release is specified with a pointer to its XColor structure. There should be exactly one call to Tk_FreeColorFromObj or Tk_FreeColor for each call to Tk_AllocColorFromObj, Tk_GetColor, or Tk_GetColorByValue.